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Landfill Ban Electronics: What Recycling Processors Need to Know

Effective January 1, 2011, covered electronic devices (CEDs) will be banned from WV Landfills.

CEDs include a televisions, computers or video display devices with a screen that is greater than four inches measured diagonally. "Covered electronic device" does not include a video display device that is part of a motor vehicle or that is contained within a household appliance or commercial, industrial or medical equipment.

Recycling processors should develop an operations plan for the proper handling of CEDs at their facility. Processors should consider incorporating the following principals, developed by the US EPA, into the plan.

EPA’s Responsible Recycling Practices (R2) is voluntary. However, R2 has become a recognized industry standard.

R2 includes general principles and specific practices for recyclers disassembling or reclaiming used electronics exported for refurbishment and recycling. The practices are listed below.

  • Develop and use a management system that covers environmental, worker safety and public health practices on-site and downstream management of end-of-life (EOL) equipment and materials;

  • Establish a policy that promotes reuse and materials recovery for EOL equipment and materials;

  •  Comply with environmental, health, and safety legal requirements, both domestically and internationally, that are applicable to the recyclers' operations;

  • Use practices to reduce exposures and emissions during recycling operations;

  • Export (or arrange for the export of) focus materials only to foreign countries that accept them.

  • Focus materials are: cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and CRT glass; circuit boards (unless they have had batteries and mercury-containing items removed and are lead free); batteries; and items containing mercury and/or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), both in EOL equipment and when separated as components;

  • Send EOL equipment and all material derived from this equipment, that contain focus materials only to facilities that are properly licensed to receive these materials, and use technology designed to safely and effectively manage these materials - whether in the U.S. or another country;

  • Ensure that an electronics recycler does not use energy recovery, incineration, or land disposal as a management strategy for focus materials or equipment and components containing focus materials. However, if circumstances beyond the control of the R2 recycler disrupt its normal management of a focus material, it may consider these technologies to the extent allowed under applicable law;

  • Exercise due diligence in ensuring that downstream recyclers and processors manage recycled materials appropriately, throughout the downstream recycling chain;

  • Ensure that materials going for reuse are refurbished and tested for functionality, and residual focus materials are managed responsibly;

  • Ensure that personal data on EOL electronics going to reuse or recycling are cleared or destroyed; and

  • Track throughput and keep records; store and transport material securely and safely; and possess insurance, closure plans, and financial mechanisms to cover the potential risks of the facility.

Click here for additional information on R2 certification.

 Click this link for a list of E-Waste Recycling Contractors.

or a list of E-Waste Recycling Contractors.

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For information on SB 398 and the landfill ban on electronics, stakeholders meetings and general information on e-waste planning and e-Cycling:

Carol Throckmorton

304-926-0448, e 1671
Nicole Hunter
304-926-0448, e 1116
For information on the Covered Electronic Devices Grant program, manufacture registration and compliance,  and general information on e-Cycling:
Niki Davis
304-926-0499, e 1137
Lisa Facemyer


WV Solid Waste Management Board
601 57th Street, SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: 304-926-0448
Fax: 304-926-0472
Toll Free: 866-568-6649